One of the questions asked by your doctor when you present him with a “suspicious” fingernail condition is whether you have recently injured your fingernails.
The reason for this question is that fingernails manifest a number of health conditions unrelated to fungus infection
After ruling out all of the above nail abnormalities, then the doctor can now turn his attention on fungus infection.
Based on the progression of the fingernail fungal infection and comparing it with the earlier nail abnormalities, it is best to consult a doctor and get a correct diagnosis of the nail condition.
The doctor will scrape the surface of the fingernail and also the debris found underneath it. These will be sent to a laboratory to confirm what caused the fungal infection, known as Onychomycosis.
Onychomycosis may be caused by various fungi species.
It is important to identify the right fungi species because each one may require a different treatment program. Note that the use of anti-fungal drugs can be detected even after a year has elapsed.
Fingernail fungal infections are easier to cure than toenail infections. They respond best to a combination of topical and oral anti-fungal medications. However, this treatment program can not be used on a long-term basis because of the adverse side effects to the liver and kidney functions.
A quicker solution is laser treatment. This is especially applicable for infections resistant to medications. The laser emits infra-red radiation that safely kills the fungi. However, you may need 1-3 sessions to ensure complete eradication.